MSUM Biennial Review
Drug Free Schools and Communities Act
The Drug-Free Schools and Communities Act of 1989 Amendments required institutions of higher education to design and implement alcohol and illicit drug programs on their campuses. As a condition of receiving funds or any other form of financial assistance under any federal program, an institution of higher education has to certify that it has adopted and implemented a program to prevent "the unlawful possession, use or distribution of illicit drugs and alcohol by students and employees" on campus property or as part of any campus activity. This legislation directed Universities to:
- To develop a written policy on alcohol and other drugs
- To develop a process that ensures policy distribution to all students, staff and faculty
- To enumerate federal, state or local sanctions for unlawful possession or distribution of illicit drugs and alcohol
- To describe health risks associated with alcohol abuse or illicit drug use
- To describe University drug and alcohol programs available for students and employees
- To specify disciplinary sanctions imposed on students and employees for policy violations
- To conduct biennial reviews to assess the effectiveness of its alcohol and drug programs.
The law further requires an institution of higher education to review its program to:
- To determine its effectiveness and implement changes if they are needed, and
- To ensure that the sanctions developed are consistently enforced
In compliance with federal legislation, the Director of Health and Wellness for Minnesota State University Moorhead has prepared this biennial review.
Biennial Review Process
The Vice President for Student Affairs formed a workgroup who reviewed the alcohol and other drugs student policy during the Fall 2011-Spring 2012. The group reviewed components essential to the University's drug and alcohol program: policy statements, publications, services, data collection, educational programming, campus life, alternative student activities, and data on student and employee conduct. Represented on this committee is staff from residential life, campus security, health and wellness, counseling center and student conduct.
Hendrix continues to expand meaningful and consistent data collection procedures, as well as initiate new methods of communication about the significance of drug and alcohol use on our campus. Minnesota State University Moorhead continues to work with the University of Minnesota Boynton Health Services to collect campus specific data as part of the College Student Health Survey.
Minnesota State University Moorhead appears to be in full compliance with federal legislation. Analysis of a 10 year summary of CORE Survey results demonstrated reduced numbers of students who use any amount of alcohol, who drink underage, and who use marijuana. However, while we have seen reductions, our numbers still exceed the national average.
We are currently using the Minnesota College Health Student Survey conducted by Boynton Health Services, University of Minnesota, as of 2008. This survey shows that within the past year, while our student alcohol use is lower than the national average, our student use of alcohol within the past 30 days is higher.
According to our 2011 Minnesota College Health Survey 78.4% of MSUM students reported using alcohol in the past 12 months. This number represents a decrease of 3.2% from the 2008 data. By age group, 49.3% of MSUM students age 18-20 reported consuming alcohol in the past 30 days. This number is down 11.7% from the 61% reported in 2008. This decrease can in part be attributed to an increase of on campus programming designed to keep students in an alcohol and drug free environment. Males at MSUM still make up the majority of high risk drinkers. The 2011 data however show that male high risk drinking rates went from 48.9% in 2008 to 36.4% in 2011.
Highlights of Alcohol Prevention Effort Since Last Review
Prevention and Intervention Efforts Addressing Student Misuse of Alcohol
Ongoing Activity 2010 through the Present:
Fall 2010 to Spring 2011--Social norms poster campaign that included the seven dimensions of health lifestyles.
Fall 1012--Reality Check Game Show: a fast paced Alcohol and Drug Prevention program using alcohol, drug, and pop culture questions to instill proper life choices positively among students.
Fall 2012--New case manager position was created.
After Dark Committee--late night alternative programming that occurs on Friday and/or Saturday nights, ongoing throughout the year. These programming efforts have been highly successful, bringing more and more students and even student guests to social events.
Miracle Hoff, Chemical Health Educator, has been a guest presenter for Housing and Residential Life staff and individual floor activities and for Alcohol and College Life Graduate Assistant training. She has aided in student lead education efforts by providing literature and supplies to Greek Sorority Chapters and students completing class outreach projects. She has collaborated with Dragons After Dark to provide alcohol and drug specific education opportunities embedded within events. Miracle also represents MSUM in community prevention efforts as a member of the Safe Communities Coalition and the Clay County Collaborative.
A Parental Notification release form has been created for students to identify parents/legal guardians to receive notice for a student’s violation of the University Alcohol and Other Drug policy. This has been included in Dragon Days (new student registration) materials for every semester.
University Compliance with Federal Legislation
I. University Policy
Minnesota State University Moorhead recognizes that the misuse of alcohol and other drugs is a serious problem in our society and our community. This University seeks to create a campus environment which promotes healthy and responsible living that is conducive to the intellectual and personal development of students. The University is committed to establishing and enforcing clear campus policies regarding the use of alcohol and other drugs. Each year the Alcohol and Campus Life Committee review the university’s alcohol policies.
Minnesota State University Moorhead complies with and supports the Minnesota State Colleges and University Board of Trustees policy governing alcohol and other drugs on campus, the Drug Free Schools and Community Act, the Drug Free Workplace Act, the Campus Security Act and Minnesota State law.
II. Distribution of Written Policy
The policies are found in the Annual Campus Crime Report published by the Campus Security Department, and the Student Handbook, the Student Organization Handbook, and the Bulletin. These publications are available to all students and employees.
The information is also found on department websites:
III. Effectiveness of Alcohol policy and Education Programs
The Alcohol and Campus Life Committee approves each new social norms poster campaign. These campaigns are developed using best practices for reducing alcohol misuse among college students. Social norms posters address the positive behaviors of MSUM students, correcting the misperceptions about alcohol consumption. MSUM Student’s Affairs staff and students plan develop, and execute the late night alternative to drinking programs called Dragons After Dark and newly created Friday Nights at the Underground. These are very successful two to four times a month late night programs that attract over 300 students at every event.
IV Legal Sanctions and Enforcement of Policy
MSUM collaborates with the Moorhead Police Department to increase patrols on the neighborhoods surrounding the campus. MSUM holds students accountable for their behavior. If there is a violation on the alcohol policy each student is adjudicated through the judicial affairs office. Every student case is handled in a fair and consistent manner.
State and federal legal sanctions for violations of drug and alcohol laws are detailed in the Annual Campus Crime Report and the Student Alcohol and Other Drug Policy found on web.mnstate.edu/aod and the Campus Crime Report.
V Health Risks Associated with Illicit Drug Use and Alcohol Abuse
Alcohol and drug use is prohibited not simply because it is against the law, but because of the demonstrated health risks associated with use. While the following list is not exhaustive, it serves to demonstrate the range of potential hazards associated with illicit drug and alcohol use.
Information about the health risks of drug use and abuse can be accessed through the following web site: http://www.nida.nih.gov
- ALCOHOL Loss of concentration and judgment, slowed reflexes; disorientation leading to higher risk of accidents and problem behavior; risk of liver and heart damage, malnutrition, cancer and other illnesses; can be highly addictive to some persons.
- AMPHETAMINES Can cause rushed, careless behavior - pushing beyond your physical capacity, leading to exhaustion; tolerance increases rapidly; causes physical and psychological dependence; withdrawal can result in depression and suicide; continued high doses can cause heart problems, infections, malnutrition, and death.
- CANNABIS Causes permanent damage to lungs, reproductive organs and brain function; slows reflexes; increases forgetfulness; alters judgment of space and distance.
- COCAINE Causes damage to respiratory and immune systems; induces malnutrition, seizures and loss of brain function. Some forms (such as "crack") are highly addictive.
- HALLUCINOGENS (PCP, LSD, Ecstasy) Causes extreme distortions of what's seen and heard; induces sudden changes in behavior, loss of concentration and memory; increases risk of birth defects in user's children; overdose can cause psychosis, convulsions, coma, and death. Frequent use can cause permanent loss of mental function.
- NARCOTICS (Heroin, morphine, opium, codeine) Tolerance increases rapidly; causes physical and psychological dependence; overdose can cause coma, convulsions, respiratory arrest, and death; leads to malnutrition, infection and hepatitis; sharing needles is a leading cause of the spread of HIV and Hepatitis; highly addictive.
- • SEDATIVES Tolerance increases rapidly; produces physical and psychological dependence; causes reduced reaction time, and confusion; overdoses can cause coma, respiratory arrest, convulsions, and death; withdrawal can be dangerous; in combination with other controlled substances can quickly cause coma and death.
Counseling and Support Groups
- Licensed Addiction Counselor, Student Health Services (Individuals and groups) (218) 477-2211
- Counseling Center (218)477-2227
- Medical Services (218) 477-2211
- Southeast Human Services (701) 298-4500
- Alcoholics Anonymous (701) 235-7335 Narcotics Anonymous (710) 234-9330
- Hotline 235-SEEK
- Employee Assistance: (Available for all MSUM employees. Offers assessment).
- Lakeland Mental Health, Moorhead (218) 233-7524
- Drake Counseling Services 701-239-5429
- Sharehouse Wellness Center 218-233-6398