Henry Peterson Farm Records (S267)
1928-80

 


 

 

German Prisoners of war who worked on Hank Peterson's farm in 1944-45.
The Peterson Collection contains several photographs of the POWs as well as
letters written to Peterson by some of the ex-POWs after the end of World War II.

 


BIOGRAPHICAL SKETCH
Henry Peterson was born October 23, 1904, in Moorhead, Minnesota.  He was the third son of Charles and Louise Peterson.  Henry was born the same year that his father purchased his first 20 acre in what is now north Moorhead.  Henry grew up on this farm raised by his father; his mother died when he was three years old.

By the early 1930s, the Charles Peterson Truck Farm had become one of the largest truck farms in the area.  Hank and his brothers, Bob and Ed, were established as partners in the truck farm.  By this time, the Petersons had gained a reputation as onion producers.

Hank’s long association with North Dakota State University began when he enrolled in agricultural short courses.  He met leading scientists who influenced him and contributed to the development of his interest in plant breeding.  Hank worked closely with Dr. Yeager in the 1930s in developing new varieties of vegetables, some of which were still being grown in the 1970s.

Hank married Corinne Foley on March 31, 1932.  Corinne was originally from De Lamere, North Dakota.  They had two daughters, Karol Kay and Sheri.  Karol (Kiki) married Neil Rood in 1953; they had three children.  Sheri married Thomas Watt, a government food inspector, and they also had three children.

Hank’s half century experience in managing farm operations earned him a reputation throughout the Red River Valley as a leading agricultural innovator and, at one time, the largest producer of vegetables in Minnesota.  The Petersons bought more land and increased their holdings to 2120 acres.  The Petersons were continually trying new ideas, such as irrigation, using beet tops for feed, and planting Victory Gardens in World War II.

With crops like onions, potatoes, and sugar beets, labor played a very important part on the truck farm.  The Petersons had employed men year round as well as seasonal workers.  During World War II, as a result of the labor shortage, 150 German prisoners of war (POWs) were sent to Moorhead from a camp in Iowa to work from June through November.  The prisoners worked on local farms in 1943 and 1944.  These prisoners lived in a camp east of Moorhead and often they would walk to the farm by themselves.  In the 1950s, machinery was developed to mechanize the harvest of sugar beets, onions, and potatoes, and it became easier to secure a good supply of labor.  In 1949, the Petersons dissolved their partnership.  Hank continued to experiment with varieties and methods until his semi-retirement in 1970.

Hank was also active with humanitarian concerns and community services.  He founded an Alcoholics Anonymous chapter in Fargo-Moorhead in the mid 1940s.  He served on the Moorhead City Council twelve years, served as both vice-president and director of American Bank and Trust Company in Moorhead, and as director of American Bancorporation.  He also served as president of the Moorhead Country Club, the Rotary Club, and the Northwest Farm Managers Association.

COLLECTION DESCRIPTION
The records of the Charles and Henry Peterson Truck Farm include the papers of Henry Peterson.  These records and papers are arranged by topic: civic, farm operations, property related investments, real estate and income tax records, and correspondence from and photographs of German prisoners of war during World War II. Included in the agricultural records are many photographs of crops, manual laborers, and machinery. This collection also contains the report on POW employment in Minnesota during World War II.

Inventory

Box 1
Advertisement from Dakota Farmer Picturing Charles Peterson; Peterson Truck Farms Advertisements.  1942
Air Force Base Site Proposal and Related Correspondence.  1954
American Crystal Sugar Company - Agreements, Contracts and Correspondence.  1937; 1975-80
   
    - Beet Grower's Accounts and Statements.  1939; 1966-72
   
    - Stock Related.  1945; 1976
American State Bank, Stock Agreements.  1966
Auction Sale Records, Charles Peterson Truck Farms.  1950
Auditor's Reports.  1965-67
Award Ribbons from the Red River Valley Potato Improvement Association.  1939
Barnes Farm.  1950-76
Bergquist Pioneer Cabin, Quit Claim Deed, Correspondence and Photograph.  1978
Biographies of Charles & Henry Peterson by Don Vomhof.  1977
Charles Peterson's Naturalization Statement.  1898
Clay County Real Estate Tax Receipts.  1975-81

Box 2
Correspondence - Agriculture Related.  1948-75
   
    - General/News Articles.  1935; 1947-79
   
    - Lutheran Resettlement Service, Alma Trulis Family; Ansis Vilcins Family.  1950
   
    - National Potato and Onion Committee.  1959-60
   
    - Political.  1951-62; 1980
Employee's Work and Wage Cards.  1967
Estate Planning Gift Tax, Internal Income Tax Returns and Correspondence.  1972-79
Farm - Buildings Construction.  1955; 1959; 1974-75
   
    - Equipment.  1951-80
   
    - Expense Ledger.  1979-80
Hank Peterson vs. Weivoda Carpet Sales.  1979-80
Income Tax Returns.  1969-80
Insurance, Monthly Reports of Values.  1962-76
Invitation to the Inauguration of Dwight Eisenhower.  1953
Irrigation.  1948-76
Jacobsen Farms, Land Rental.  1976-79
Legal Transactions.  1961-79

Box 3
Maps - Farms
   
    - Quit Claim Deeds of Country Club Addition, Oakport Township, Clay County, MN.  1950-79
Moorhead - Country Club, Correspondence and Membership.  1955-74
   
    - Home, 711 18th Avenue North.  1950-80
Newspaper Clippings.  1928-85; undated
NDSU Outstanding Alumni Achievement Award - Correspondence and Photographs.  1973
   
    - Nomination of Paul Horn.  1954
Northside Development Inc.  1974
Nursery Stock and Invoices.  1954-73 
Photographs - Aerial Views
   
    - Area Floods
   
    - Crops
   
    - Manual Labor in Fields.  1920; 1942; 1958; undated
   
    - Men and Machinery in Fields.  1936; 1939; 1942; 1947-48; undated
Planting Schedules Ledger.  1927-39
Pollution Control.  1976-80

Box 4
Prisoners of War
   
    - Correspondence (click for a Sample Letter from a POW to Peterson)
   
         - English.  1946-51
   
         - German and Translations
         - Far From Hitler: The Scattergood Hostel for European Refugees, 1939-43.
         - Miscellaneous
   
    - Photographs
   
    - Report on Employment in Minnesota During World War II
   
    - Signs of Life: The Correspondence of German POWs at Camp Algona, Iowa 1943-46, edited by Michael Luick-Thrams, 2002
Property Related Correspondence and Contracts.  1938-79
"Raising Onions in the Red River Valley," by Kirk Watt.  1982
Shipping Charges.  1959-60
Supplies, Seeds, Miscellaneous Invoices and Correspondence.  1957-75
Vivian Mercer Guardian and Petition Statement.  1965-66
War Materials, Miscellaneous
Wells and Drilling Expenses.  1954-80
Wheat Yields.  1958-76