Philosophy 311            Final Exam                  Summer 2007 

We have two hours for the exam. 

You will learn which essay question you will be answering when the exam begins.   

You may consult any notes that you have written on one piece of paper (standard 8 1/2" by 11" size)

You will be graded on clarity, accuracy, and completeness of your responses. Completeness includes your ability to define any specialized vocabulary taught in this course.

  1. How does prioritization of beneficence over nonmaleficence combine to generate Loeb's defense of current practices in research involving animals? How does it affect the debate concerning West Virginia's new Medicaid policy?
  2. If respect for autonomy is given highest priority, what moral position should be taken concerning the sale of human organs for transplantation? What moral position should be taken concerning West Virginia's new Medicaid policy?
  3. Should the United States allow "trafficking" in organs for transplant? Should the United States prohibit medical experiments on non-human mammals? Show that a consistent prioritization of basic principles supports your position on both topics. 

                              August 2, 2007