Philosophy 101: Introduction to Western Philosophy   

Theodore Gracyk 
Office: Bridges 359B     Phone: (218) 477-4089     

Office hours: Daily at 9-10 am and Noon to 1 pm, and by appointment
My office phone has voice mail.

Course Objectives

In this course you will be exposed to some basic issues, theories, and methodologies of the discipline of philosophy. The course presupposes no prior exposure to philosophy. We will address problems that have, in one form or another, puzzled people since the earliest times of Western civilization.

The course is organized into six sections:

Section One: Socrates and the Origins of Philosophy

Section Two: The Existence of God

Section Three: Free Will

Section Four: What is Truth?

Section Five: Ethical Relativism

Section Six: Normative Ethics

While we may not achieve definitive answers to these problems in an introductory philosophy course, our goal is to grapple with the issues and to clarify your thinking on these topics. To facilitate your thinking about these topics, we will be reading, discussing, and writing about the works of several historically crucial philosophers.

Text needed:   

  • Introduction to Western Philosophy, by Theodore Gracyk

    This bound set of readings will be available in the MSUM bookstore by the start of August

Course Requirements and Due Dates

Aug 27, Sept 10, Sept 24, Oct 15, Oct 29, Nov 12, Dec 3 
(alternative snow date: Dec 10)

If the class meetings are to be of any value, you must be an active participant, letting me know what I can help you to better understand in what you have read. Come to each class meeting prepared to ask specific questions about the material. Whenever you don't understand something, please ask about it!  


  • Reading Questions 
    At each class meeting (other than the last, when we have the final exam), you will receive a set of basic questions about the assigned readings. The questions can be easily answered by doing the reading. You must submit your completed answers at the next class session.

  • Two short essays 
    The assignment is to write essays addressing two different Section Topics of the course.

    The textbook contains information about my expectations for these essays. 

    You must write an essay in response to one of the essay questions for Sections One or Two, and another essay in response to one of the essay questions for Sections Three, Four, or Five.

    These essays will be typed/word-processed, and will be double-spaced with standard margins. Each essay must be at least 500 words in length (but a good essay will probably be more than 500 words).

    DUE DATES: The first essay, addressing a question for Section One or Section Two, is due no later than Saturday, October 15. The second essay, addressing a question for Section Three, Four, or Five, is due no later than Saturday, December 3.

  • Final Exam
    At our seventh scheduled meeting (Dec. 3, or Dec. 10 if one of the earlier meetings is cancelled as a snow day), you will write a final exam essay. This essay will focus on the readings for Section Six.


Reading Questions 40% of final grade
First Essay 20% of final grade
Second Essay 20% of final grade
Final Exam 20% of final grade

Notice of disability services 

The Minnesota State University of Moorhead is committed to a policy of equal opportunity in education and employment and welcomes students with disabilities. We are prepared to to offer you a range of services to accommodate your needs.

However, students must accept responsibility for initiating the request for services. 

Students with disabilities who believe they may need an accommodation in this class are encouraged to contact Greg Toutges, Coordinator of Disability Services at 477-5859 (Voice) or 1-800-627-3529 (MRS/TTY), CMU 222 as soon as possible to ensure that accommodations are implemented in a timely fashion.

Do not discuss your needs with me, your instructor. Talk to Greg and he will contact me.



Plagiarism is passing off somebody else's writing or ideas as your own. There is nothing wrong in consulting any number of sources to help you understand what we are studying (whether an article in The Encyclopedia of Philosophy or a web site or Cliffs Notes) but it is stealing to take material without first paraphrasing it completely into your own words, or without placing it in quotation marks. (Rule of thumb: if you take more than two consecutive words from a source, put them in quotation marks, and if the idea behind a sentence comes from an outside source, acknowledge that source!) Any time you consult and draw on ideas from any source, you should cite your source. Taking ideas from another person and pretending that they are your own, original thoughts, is also plagiarism. The fact that your source was an assigned text for the course does not mitigate or lessen the seriousness of plagiarism.

Students sometimes claim unintentional or accidental plagiarism. It is difficult for an instructor to judge whether the plagiarism was intentional or unintentional. Basically, the latter occurs when a student reads a secondary source or takes notes, writes a paper without looking at the source or the notes, and accidentally uses phrasing and ideas from that source. Or a student may attempt to paraphrase an author's ideas, but fails to put it completely into his or her own words. (If you paraphrase and don't cite your source, that's evidence of intentional plagiarism.)

If evidence demonstrates that you have plagiarized any part of any written assignment for the course, the offense will be reported to the Vice President for Student Affairs and you will receive a failing grade for the course.

In short, if you use an outside source, simply provide footnotes or citations in parentheses where appropriate.

For further information, click here


Grade of "A": An excellent essay in all respects. Clear, grammatical, well organized, and progresses logically, with all elements relevant to the topic. Exhibits both original thought and an accurate grasp of the material. Grammatical errors kept to a minimum.

Grade of "B": A good essay, but not outstanding. Overall organization is clear and coherent, although minor weaknesses may be present. Accurate presentation of material, but generally presents the minimum needed. Limited original thought. A few minor or subtle errors in punctuation and/or spelling.

Grade of "C": A satisfactory paper. Shows basic understanding, with some deficiencies. Organization not always clear and transitions abrupt or lacking. May contain irrelevant material. Weak support of ideas. Occasional grammatical mistakes, or sloppiness which could have been avoided.

Grade of "D": Minimally acceptable work. Marginal grasp of material, ineffective or confusing presentation. Summarizes the most obvious aspects of the material, but otherwise tends to be irrelevant. Little or no organization. Contains major grammatical problems.

Grade of "F": Unsatisfactory. Superficial, incoherent, and/or irrelevant. Writing ability verges on illiteracy. Plagiarism.

                             Last updated Aug 15, 2005 

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