318: Professional Ethics
Outline of Bayles Essay
Central features of all professions:
Gracyk criticism: But the second of these three is too weak. Many profession decisions are strongly paternalistic, where the professional makes (and even implements) the solution, eliminating the advising of the client.
Common features of many professions:
NOT professions by these
Gracyk criticism: Real estate agents probably ARE professionals as described by Bayles. They possess the central features (at a low level) and all of the common ones (at a high level).
A job "undergoes professionalization" as the central and common features become standard. This has been happening with criminal justice and law enforcement.
Gracyk observation: A profession can also experience deprofessionalization, as seems to be happening to education. See the essay by A. Gutmann.
CROSS-CUTTING distinctions (apply to some, but not to others):
Important ethical issues arise because of:
IS THIS STRUCTURE BEING ERODED?
As a result of these changes in the professions:
Self-interest decreases (??)
Evaluation is increasing
Client privacy is decreasing
Last updated Sept. 14, 2011