318: Professional Ethics
Outline of Faber Essay
Professional tasks that
occur during professional-client interaction
client’s situation & needs
alternative responses to situation & needs
about all relevant information
the options or deciding which among them is best
Five types of
AGENCY – only
implementation; all else done by client
Advantage to client: Maximizes personal freedom (autonomy)
PATERNALISM – all
tasks done by professional (or all but implementation)
Why surrender autonomy to this degree? Due to high level of
expertise required to meet needs, and client cannot join the
relationship with freedom (with autonomy).
To act freely,
three conditions must be met:
justified only if one of these three cannot be met.
legally enforced agreement about division of responsibilities for
Since this requires free entry into the contract, contracts
presuppose a high level of knowledge for both parties. So this
cannot hold if the tasks require high levels of expert knowledge.
through trust based on pre-existing relationship, mutual agreement
of division of responsibilities, but not formalized and can evolve.
FIDUCIARY – the
decision rests with the client, but otherwise the client relies
heavily on the professional’s expert judgment to analyze, guide,
relationship is appropriate in MOST situations. There should be a good
reason before having any other kind of relationship.