- Knowledge is a mental faculty/power
that allows us to apprehend "being" (i.e., reality).
- Ignorance is the opposite of
Conclusion from 1 & 2:
- Opinion is subject to error, but
knowledge is not.
Conclusion from 2 & 3:
- Opinion differs from knowledge
- Different faculties involve different
"spheres" (areas they govern).
Conclusion from1 & 5:
- Opinion involves a different faculty,
and has a different subject-matter.
- Particular objects are subject to
For example: The same house is beautiful to one person, ugly to
another, and the same person is at one time young, at another time
Conclusion from 6 & 7:
- Particulars are in the region between
being and not-being.
Conclusion from 6 & 8:
- Particulars are the subject-matter of
Conclusion from 3, 6, & 9:
- Eternal and immutable natures are the
subject-matte of knowledge.