The one hundred most influential works in cognitive science

From the University of Minnesota's Center for Cognitive Sciences.

The titles link to the holdings of the Livingston Lord Library at Minnesota State University Moorhead and to the Carl B. Ylvisaker Library at Concordia College.  Some of the journal articles are accessible to MSUM students, faculty, and staff through one of the databases to which the library subscribes; other articles are freely available on the web.

The works are listed in rank order, top to bottom, with the first listed being the most influential.

Syntactic structures
by Noam Chomsky
Vision : a computational investigation into the human representation and processing of visual information by David Marr
Computing machinery and intelligence
by A. M. Turing.  Mind, 59 (236), 433-460 (1950)
The organization of behavior; a neuropsychological theory
by Donald O. Hebb
Parallel distributed processing : explorations in the microstructure of cognition by David E. Rumelhart
Human problem solving
by Allen Newell and Herbert A. Simon
The modularity of mind : an essay on faculty psychology
by Jerry A. Fodor
Remembering : a study in experimental and social psychology
by Sir Frederic Charles Bartlett
The magical number seven, plus or minus two: Some limits on our capacity for processing information by G. A. Miller.  Psychological Review, 63, 81-97 (1956)
Perception and communication
by Donald Eric Broadbent
The senses considered as perceptual systems
by James J. Gibson
A mathematical theory of communication
by Claude E. Shannon.  Bell System Technical Journal, 27, 379-423 (clicking on the title will take you to the paper, which is freely available)
On computable numbers : with an application to the Entscheidungsproblem
by A. M. Turing.  Proceedings of the London Mathematical Society, ser. 2, 42 (a version of this paper, viewable with Internet Explorer only, is freely available here)
A logical calculus of the ideas immanent in nervous activity
by W. S. McCulloch and W. Pitts.  Bulletin of mathematical biophysics (1943), 5:115-133 (pp. 18-27)
Hemisphere deconnnection and unity in conscious awareness by R. W. Sperry.  American Psychologist 23 (10), 723-733
Cognitive maps in rats and men
by Edward C. Tolman.  Psychological Review 55 (4), 189-208 (1948).  A version of the paper is freely available here
Ferrier lecture : functional architecture of macaque monkey visual cortex
by D. H. Hubel and T. N. Wiesel.  Proceedings of the Royal Society of London B, 198, 1-59
The conceptual framework of psychology
by Egon Brunswik
A review of Skinner's "Verbal behavior"
by Noam Chomsky.  Language, 35(1), 26-58 (1959).
Cognitive psychology by Ulric Neisser
Signal detection theory and psychophysics
by David Marvin Green and John A.
A study of thinking by
Jerome S. Bruner, Jacqueline J. Goodnow, and George A. Austin
Mental rotation of three-dimensional objects
by R. N. Shepard and J. Metzler.  Science, 171, 701-703.
The sciences of the artificial
by Herbert A. Simon ; 3d ed (1996) here
"The problem of serial order in behavior" by K. S. Lashley, in L. A. Jeffress, ed., Cerebral mechanisms in behavior; the Hixon symposium, pp. 112-136.
Psychophysics : introduction to its perceptual, neural, and social prospects
by Stanley Smith Stevens
The architecture of cognition
by John Robert Anderson
Thought and language (Myshlenie i rech'.)
by Lev Vygotsky ; newly revised and edited translation here
Plans and the structure of behavior by George A. Miller, Eugene Galanter, and Karl H. Pribram
Aspects of the theory of syntax
by Noam Chomsky
Unified theories of cognition
by Allen Newell
Cybernetics; or, Control and communication in the animal and the machine
by Norbert Wiener ; 2d ed here
On the psychology of prediction by D. Kahneman and A. Tversky.  Psychological review, 80(4), 237-251 (1973)
Single units and sensation : a neuron doctrine for perceptual psychology?
by H. B. Barlow.  Perception, 1, 371-394 (1972)
Principles of perceptual learning and development
by Eleanor J. Gibson
The ecological approach to visual perception
by James Jerome Gibson
Natural categories
by E. Rosch.  Cognitive Psychology, 7, 573-605 (1973)
What the frog's eye tells the frog's brain
by J. Y. Lettvin, H. R. Maturana, W. S. McCulloch, & W. H. Pitts.  Proceedings of the IRE, Vol. 47, No. 11, pp. 1940-51 (1959).  Also available here, on pages 233-258.
Design for a brain : the origin of adaptive behavior
by William Ross Ashby
Theory of games and economic behavior
by John Von Neumann & Oskar Morgenstern
The information available in brief visual presentations
by G. Sperling.  Psychological monographs, 74 (Whole number 498) (1960)
Minds, brains and programs
by John R. Searle.  The behavioral and brain sciences, 3 (1980).  Unedited, penultimate draft available here
High-speed memory scanning in human memory
by S. Sternberg.  Science, 153, 652-654 (1966)
"A framework for representing knowledge
" by M. Minsky, in P. H. Winston, ed., The Psychology of Computer Vision
Biological foundations of language
by Eric H. Lenneberg
The child's conception of the world
by Jean Piaget
Levels of processing : a framework for memory research
by F. I. M. Craik and R. S. Lockhart.  Journal of verbal learning and verbal behavior, 12, 599-607 (1972)
Studies of interference in serial verbal reactions
by J. Ridley Stroop.  Journal of Experimental Psychology, 18, 643-661 (1935)
Theory of self-reproducing automata by John
Von Neumann
The perception of the visual world
by James Jerome Gibson
Principles of gestalt psychology
by Kurt Koffka
On the existence of neurones in the human visual system selectively sensitive to the orientation and size of retinal images by C. Blakemore & F. W. Campbell.  Journal of Physiology, 203, 203-260 (1969)
Recognition-by-components: a theory of human image understanding
by Irving Biederman.  Psychological Review, 94, 115-147 (1987) (Note this clarification to the article)
Philosophical investigations
by Ludwig Wittgenstein
A feature integration theory of attention
by A. Treisman and G. Gelade.  Cognitive Psychology, 12, 97-136 (1980)
The working brain : an introduction to neuropsychology
by A. R. Luria
Foundations of cyclopean perception
by Bela Julesz
The construction of reality in the child
by Jean Piaget
The language of thought
by Jerry A. Fodor
Encoding specificity and retrieval processes in episodic memory
by E. Tulving and D. Thompson.  Psychological Review, 80(5), 352-373 (1973)
The formation of learning sets
by H. F. Harlow.  Psychological Review, 56(1), 51-65 (1949)
Mental models : towards a cognitive science of language, inference, and consciousness
by P. N. Johnson-Laird
What computers can't do : a critique of artificial reason
by Hubert L. Dreyfus (see also What computers still can't do : a critique of artificial reason)
The Structure of Scientific Revolutions
by Thomas S. Kuhn ; 3d ed. here
The bisected brain by Michael S. Gazzaniga
The intentional stance
by Daniel C. Dennett
Posterior parietal association cortex of the monkey : command functions for operations within extrapersonal space
by V. B. Mountcastle, J. C. Lynch, A. Georgopoulos, H. Sakata, and C. Acuna.  Journal of Neurophysiology, 38, 871-908 (1975)
Judgments under uncertainty : heuristics and biases
by A. Tversky & D. Kahneman.  Science, 185, 1124-1131 (1974)
The analysis of proximities : multidimensional scaling with an unknown distance function by R. N. Shepard.  Psychometrika, 27(2), 125-140 (1962)
Application of Fourier analysis to the visibility of gratings by F. W. Campbell and J. G. Robson.  Journal of Physiology 197 : 551-566 (1968)
"Working memory
" by A. D. Baddeley and A. D. Hitch, in G. Bower, ed., The psychology of learning and motivation, Vol. 8; pp 47-89.
Language, thought and reality : selected writings of Benjamin Lee Whorf
by Benjamin Lee Whorf
"Two cortical visual systems"
by L. G. Ungerleider and M. Mishkin, in D. J. Ingle, M.A. Goodale, and R. J. W. Mansfield, eds., Analysis of visual behavior.
Perceptrons : an introduction to computational geometry
by Marvin Minsky and Seymour Papert
Sensory mechanisms, the reduction of redundancy, and intelligence by H. B. Barlow.  NPL Symposium on the Mechanization of Thought Process (1959)
Loss of recent memory after bilateral hippocampal lesions
by William Beecher Scoville and Brenda Milner.  Journal of Neurology, Neurosurgery, and Psychiatry, 20 (1957)
Working memory
by Alan Baddeley
Scripts, plans, goals, and understanding : an inquiry into human knowledge structures
by Roger C. Schank and Robert P. Abelson
Chronometric explorations of mind : the third Paul M. Fitts lectures delivered at the University of Michigan, September, 1976 by Michael I. Posner
Segregation of form, color, movement and depth : anatomy, physiology and perception by M. Livingstone & D. Hubel Science, 240 (4853):740-9 (1988)
Visual perception of biological motion and a model for its analysis by G. Johansson.  Perception & Psychophysics, Vol. 14 (2); 201-211 (1973)
The interpretation of dreams
by Sigmund Freud
The nature of explanation
by K. J. W. Craik
The coordination and regulation of movements
by N. A. Bernstein
The integrative action of the nervous system by Sir Charles S. Sherrington
Toward a model of text comprehension and production by W. Kintsch and T. A. van Dijk.  Psychological Review, 85(5), 363-394 (1978)
Neural Darwinism : the theory of neuronal group selection
by Gerald M. Edelman
Lightness and retinex theory by Edwin H. Land and John J. McCann.  Journal of the Optical Society of America, 61 (1), 1-11 (1971)
The hippocampus as a cognitive map by J. O'Keefe  and L. Nadel.  Behavioral and Brain Sciences, 2 (4) (1979)
The mentality of apes
by Wolfgang Köhler
Language comprehension in ape and child
by E. Sue Savage-Rumbaugh
"Circuitry of primate prefrontal cortex and the regulation of behavior by representational memory
" by P. S. Goldman-Rakic, in Handbook of Physiology, vol. 5(1), 373-417
Speech perception in infants by P. D. Eimas, E. R.  Siqueland, P. Jusczyk & J. Vigorito.  Science 171 (3968), 303-306 (1971)
The operational analysis of psychological terms by B. F. Skinner.  Psychological Review, 52, 270-277 (1945)
Mental rotation of the neuronal population vector
by Apostolos P. Georgopoulos, Joseph T. Lurito, Michael  Petrides, Andrew B. Schwartz, et al.  Science, 243 (4888), Jan 1989, 234-236
Consciousness explained
by Daniel C. Dennett
The interpretation of structure from motion by S. Ullman.  Proceedings of the Royal Society of London B., 203, 405-426 (1979)
Cognition in the wild
by Edwin Hutchins
Acquisition of cognitive skill by J. R. Anderson.  Psychological Review, 89, 369-406 (1982)
"Human memory : a proposed system and its control processes
" by R. C. Atkinson and R. M. Shiffrin, in K. W. Spence and J. T. Spence (eds.), The psychology of learning and motivation : advances in research and theory (vol. 2)