Biology 303 -- General Zoology Syllabus -- Spring  2004 

Instructor:  Donna M. Bruns Stockrahm, Ph.D.
Dept:          Biology
Office:        104 King Hall (Chairperson's Office)
Phone:        287-5000 (Office)
                   1-(218)-937-5280 (Home- Long Distance- Rollag, MN)
Office Hours:   M 12-1pm, T 12-3pm, W 12-3pm, Th 12-3 

Lecture Room:    King Hall 110
Lab Room:           King Hall 215   

Course Description:  4 credits (lab included in credits);  A survey of the major phyla of invertebrates and the major classes of vertebrates including comparative structure and function of representative organisms and systems.  With lab.  Prerequisite:  BIOL 111;  3, 1-hr lectures per week and 1, 1-hr lab per week.

Required Lecture
    Hickman, C. P., Jr., L. S. Roberts, and A. Larson. 2001.    
Integrated Principles of Zoology. 11th edition.  McGraw-Hill, New
                 York.  899pp.

Lab Text:     Hickman, C. P., Jr., F. M. Hickman, and L. B. Kats.  2001.       
Laboratory Studies in  Integrated Principles of Zoology.  10th edition. 
McGraw-Hill, New York.  443pp.

Course Objectives:

1)    To gain an understanding and appreciation of the diversity of the Animal
        Kingdom, including both invertebrates and vertebrates.

2)    To gain an understanding and knowledge of the phylogenetic
        (taxonomic) relationships between the different animal groups.

3)    To learn basic classification of the various animal groups.

4)    To learn the anatomy of selected taxonomic groups and to learn how various
       organs/structures/etc vary in form and function between taxonomic groups.

5)    To learn proper dissection techniques in lab.

6)    To learn about the natural history of selected taxonomic groups.

7)    To learn some of the basic physiological concepts of various taxonomic groups, 
       especially in the mammals.



Note:     The following is our planned schedule.  However, there might be some minor changes as we progress through the course.

 Week               Lecture                                            Text (Chapter #)

 1  14 Jan         Introduction;  Classification                            10   
     16 Jan         Architectural Pattern of an Animal                    9

2   19 Jan        NO CLASS
  21 Jan        Animal-Like Protista;  Protozoan Phyla           11
      23 Jan        Phylum Porifera                                              12

3   26 Jan         Radiate Animals;  Phylum Cnidaria                 13
     28 Jan        Acoelomate Animals;                                      14
                        Phylum Platyhelminthes
     30 Jan        Pseudocoelomate Animals;                              15
                        Phylum Nematoda

4     2 Feb        Phylum Mollusca                                            16
       4 Feb        Phylum Mollusca (continued)                            "
       6 Feb        LECTURE EXAM 1   

5      9 Feb        Segmented Worms;  Phylum  Annelida           17
      11 Feb        Phylum Annelida (continued)                            "   
 13 Feb        Phylum Arthropoda; Subphylum Trilobita;      18
                         Subphylum Chelicerata

6    16 Feb        Subphylum Chelicerata (continued)                    "
      18 Feb        Aquatic Mandibulates;                                     19   
                         Phylum Arthropoda;  Subphylum Crustacea
      20 Feb        Subphylum Crustacea (continued)                      "   

     20 Feb        LAB EXAM 1  (Friday Afternoon)   
                        (Covers Lab Material from Weeks 2-5)  



Week           Lecture                                                  Text (Chapter #)

7    23 Feb    Terrestrial Mandibulates;                                      20
                     Phylum Arthropoda;  Classes Chilopoda,
                     Diplopoda, Insecta
     25 Feb     Class Insecta (continued)                                        "
     27 Feb     Phylum Echinodermata                                         23

8    1 Mar     Phylum Echinodermata (continued)                         "
      3 Mar     LECTURE EXAM 2   
 5 Mar      Phylum Chordata                                                 25

9     8 Mar     Phylum Chordata (continued)                                 "
     10 Mar     Fishes                                                                  26
     12 Mar     NO CLASS (I am in COSTA RICA)

10   15-19 Mar     Spring Break - No Classes

11  22 Mar    Amphibians (Class Amphibia)                            27
      24 Mar    Amphibians (continued)                                        "
      26 Mar    Reptiles (Class Reptilia)                                     28   

      26 Mar   LAB EXAM 2  (Friday Afternoon)
      (Covers Lab Material from Weeks 6-9)

12   29 Mar    Reptiles (Class Reptilia) (continued)                     "   
       31 Mar   Birds (Class Aves)                                             29
        2 Apr     Birds (Class Aves) (continued)                             "   

13   5 Apr     
LECTURE EXAM 3                  
       7 Apr     Mammals (Class Mammalia)                              30
       9 Apr     NO CLASS

14    12 Apr  Mammals (Class Mammalia) (continued)              "
        14 Apr     Excretion                                                          32
         16Apr     Excretion (continued)                                          "

15  19 Apr     Circulation                                                        33
     21 Apr     Circulation (continued)                                        "
      23 Apr     Gas Exchange                                                     "

16  26 Apr     Muscles                                                            31
      28 Apr     Nervous System                                                35
      30 Apr     Nervous System (continued)                                "   

17    3 May    Sense Organs                                                      "
        5 May    Catch Up

        5 May     LAB EXAM 3  (Wednesday Afternoon)
       (Covers Lab Material from Weeks 12-16)

      10 May    LECTURE FINAL  (Monday - Noon)


Lab Schedule

Week      Lab                                Lab Manual (Chapter #)  

1              No Lab

2              Phylum Porifera;                              7
                Phylum Cnidaria                              8

3              Phylum Platyhelminthes;                   9
                Phylum Nematoda                         10

4              Phylum Mollusca                           11

5              Phylum Annelida;                           12

6              Phylum Arthropoda                        13,14,15

                LAB EXAM 1 (20 Feb - Friday Afternoon)
                (Covers Lab Material from Weeks 2-5)

7            Phylum Echinodermata                       16

8            Phylum Chordata;  Protochordates     17

9            Fishes (shark, perch dissections)         18

10           Spring Break - No Classes

11          Oral Presentations on Papers;  Lab Review; 

               LAB EXAM 2 (26 Mar - Friday Afternoon)
               (Covers Lab Material from Weeks 6-9)  

12           Class Amphibia (frog dissection);        19
               Class Reptilia (reptile display)              20

13           Skeletons;  Bone Histology;                 22, 4
               Class Aves (bird display)                     21

14           Class Mammalia (pig dissection);         22
               Tissue Histology (esp. muscle)               4     

15           Pig Dissection (Continued)                   22

16           Nervous System;                                 22
               Nervous Tissue Histology;                     4
               Sense Organs;
               Comparison of Systems between
               Vertebrate Groups

17           Lab Review;  

               LAB FINAL (5 May Wednesday Afternoon)
               (Covers Lab Material from Weeks 12-16)



For details on MSUM Student Absence Policy, see Student Handbook:

Lab attendance is mandatory and lecture attendance is expected and encouraged.  If you know in advance that you will miss a lab (only in the case of an excusable absence), make arrangements beforehand to attend another lab session during that same week.  Labs generally cannot be made up the following week as the lab materials will not be available.  You are also expected to take examinations at the announced time.  In the case of an anticipated excusable absence on an examination date, you should make arrangements for a make-up examination before the absence.  In the case of an unanticipated, excusable absence, you should contact the instructor as soon as possible to make arrangements for a make-up examination.  Make-up examinations are at the discretion of the instructor and may differ in content and difficulty from the original examination.



See MSUM Student Handbook;


From the Disabilities Office:  Student with disabilities who believe that they may need an accommodation in this class are encouraged to contact Greg Toutes, Coordinator of Disabilities Services, at 477-2652 (phone) or 477-2047 (TTY), CMU 222, as soon as possible to ensure that accommodations are implemented in a timely fashion.



 - EXAMS:     There will be 3, 1-hour lecture exams and 3 lab exams during the semester plus a final lecture exam at the end of the semester.

 - INTERNET ASSIGNMENT:       Assignment Due     Feb  13th         

Each student will look up information on the internet about the following topics:

-       endangered mammal
-    endangered bird
-      endangered invertebrate
-      organism that causes a disease
-       parasite
-       invertebrate of your choice (e.g., sponge,  cnidarian, mollusc)
-       marine fish or coral reef
-       deformed frogs in Minnesota (or elsewhere)

For this assignment you will hand-in a 1-page typed summary (no-longer) that includes:
               a)     title of what you looked up for each category

                b)     web address for each one:  http://            

                c)     2-3 sentences summarizing interesting facts you learned about each

To save paper, you do not have to print out all the pages and turn them in to me.      


- JOURNAL ARTICLE ASSIGNMENT:       Assignment Due    Mar 10th        

      Each student will be required to read a relevant article about vertebrates or invertebrates (of their own choosing, but it must be approved by the instructor) from a Scientific Journal.  Summary articles are not satisfactory.  The article must be about a particular study/experiment and have sections such as introduction, materials and methods, results, and discussion.  Each student will submit:

      1.    a 1-2-page typed summary (no longer) of the article include purpose and/or 
             hypothesis tested, study area, methods, results, and conclusions)

      2.    complete reference for article (cite as shown below)

      3.    2 questions you have about the article

      4.    2 comments about the article

      The Journal of Wildlife Management and The Journal of Mammalogy are both excellent sources of articles and in the kind of format that I want you to read.  All journals are on the second floor of the library on the journal shelves.

     To cite the reference, use the following format:

      Farmer, M. J.  1993.  Mallard reproductive biology in Minnesota.  J. Wildlife
      Management  15:4-12.

 ORAL PRESENTATIONS:  You will give a 5-minute presentation on your paper to your lab class during Lab for Week 11.


     Lecture Exam 1         100 pts
     Lecture Exam 2         100 pts
     Lecture Exam 3         100 pts
     Lecture Final             150 pts (new + some cumulative material)
     Lab Exam 1              100 pts
     Lab Exam 2              100 pts
     Lab Exam 3              100 pts
     Internet Assignment      5 pts
     Summary of Article     10 pts         = 765 total points

     90 - 100 %       =     A     (688 pts minimum)
     80 -  89 %        =     B     (612 "    "   )
     70 -  79 %        =     C     (536 "    "    )
     60 -  69 %        =     D     (459 "    "    )
         < 60 %         =     F     (< 459 pts   )